Igorot is the collective name of several Austronesian ethnic groups from the Cordillera, Northern Luzon, Philippines. They inhabit the six provinces of Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Kalinga, Ifugao, and Mountain Province; plus the lone city of Baguio. They can be roughly divided into two subgroups: the larger group lives in the south, central and western areas, and is very adept at rice-terrace farming; the smaller group lives in the east and north. Before the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, the groups now included under the term did not consider themselves as belonging to one cohesive ethnic group. The word "Igorot" is archaic Tagalog for "mountain people". It is derived from the prefix i- ("dweller of") and golot ("mountain range"). The word has been variously spelled during the Spanish colonial era as Igolot, Ygolot, and Igorrote. The names Ifugao or Ipugao (also meaning "mountain people") are used more frequently within the Igorots themselves.
Contributions by Athrash, Cute sagada boy2, and Obsidian Soul.