The Incheon Metropolitan City (literally 'wise river' - formerly romanized as Inchon; named Jinsen during the time of Japanese rule) is located in northwestern South Korea. The city was home to just 4,700 people when Jemulpo port was built in 1883. Today 2.76 million people live in the city, making it Koreas third most populous city after Seoul and Busan Metropolitan City. While people have inhabited the area from the New Stone Age, the citys growth was assured in modern times with the development of its port due to its natural advantages as a coastal city. Incheon has since led the economic development of Korea by opening its port to the outside world, issuing in the modernization of Korea as a center of industrialization. In 2003, the city was designated as Koreas first free economic zone.
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