The Innu are the indigenous inhabitants of an area they refer to as Nitassinan, which comprises most of the northeastern portions of the provinces of Quebec and some western portions of Labrador. Their population in 2003 includes about 18,000 people, of which 15,000 live in Quebec and under 3000 in Labrador. Their ancestors were known to have lived on these lands as hunter-gatherers for several thousand years, living in tents made of animal skins. Their subsistence activities were historically centred on hunting and trapping caribou, moose, deer and small game. Some coastal clans also practised agriculture, fished, and managed maple sugarbush. Their language, Innu-aimun or Ilnu (popularly known as Montagnais), is spoken throughout Nitassinan, with certain dialect...'
Contributions by Bearcat, 220.127.116.11, and Benjancewicz.