Izmir is a large metropolis in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey. Izmir metropolitan area extends along the outlying waters of the Gulf of zmir and inland to the north across Gediz River's delta, to the east along an alluvial plain created by several small streams and to a slightly more rugged terrain in the south. The ancient city was known as Smyrna, (, Smyrne in Greek) and the city was generally referred to as Smyrna in English, until the Turkish Postal Services Law of 1930 made 'Izmir' the internationally recognized name. The city of Izmir is composed of several metropolitan districts. Of these, Konak district corresponds to historical Izmir, this district's area having constituted the 'Izmir Municipality' (Turkish: zmir Belediyesi) area until 1984, Konak until then having been a name for a central neighborhood around Konak Square, still the core of the city.
Contributions by Cretanforever, Avmatso, and Little firefly.