Jebala refers to the inhabitants of the north-western region of Morocco. The word Jbala comes from Arabic Jbel which means mountain. Thus, Jbala means mountain people. A man or boy is called a Jebli while a woman or a girl is called a Jebliya. The Jebala are of Berber origin; they adopted the Arabic language in the 12th and 13th centuries, influenced by Arabic-speaking neighbor population of Fes, northern Morocco and Al-Andalus and the fact that their land lays on the route between these places. The Jebala speak a non-hilalian Arabic dialect, which has a strong Berber substratum and which is influenced by the Spanish language due to proximity to Spain which also controlled areas of the region during the protectorate era (1912-1956). The traditional clothing for women includes shawls called "mendils" made from cotton or wool. These rectangular shawls are often woven in stripes of white and red in the region. They are wrapped around the waist to form skirts.
Contributions by Catalpa, FayssalF, and Omar-Toons.