John Tyler (29 March 1790 18 January 1862) was the tenth President of the United States, after being the tenth Vice President of the United States (1841). A native of Virginia, Tyler served as a state legislator, governor, U.S. representative, and U.S. senator before being elected Vice President in 1840. He was the first to succeed to the office of President on the death of the incumbent, succeeding William Henry Harrison. Tyler's opposition to nationalism and emphatic support of states' rights endeared him to his fellow Virginians but alienated him from most of the political allies that brought him to power in Washington. His presidency was crippled by opposition from both parties. Near the end of his life, he supported the secession movement in the southern states, and was elected to the Congress of the Confederate States of America. Tyler was born to an aristocratic Virginia family of English descent, and came to national prominence at a time of political upheaval.
Contributions by Jengod, DLJessup, and Minesweeper.