Joseph Leo Mankiewicz (February 11, 1909 - February 5, 1993) was a film director, screenwriter, and producer. Mankiewicz had a long Hollywood career and is best known as the writer-director of All About Eve (1950), which was nominated for 14 Academy Awards and won six. He was brother to screenwriter and drama critic Herman J. Mankiewicz who also won an Oscar for co-writing Citizen Kane (1941). Joseph Mankiewicz was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania to Franz Mankiewicz (died 1941) and Johanna Blumenau, Jewish immigrants from Germany. He had a sister, Erna Mankiewicz (1901a__1979), and a brother, Herman J. Mankiewicz, who became a screenwriter. At age four, Mankiewicz moved with his family to New York City where he graduated in 1924 from Stuyvesant High School.
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