Kagoshima is the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southwestern tip of the island of Kyushu in Japan, and the largest city in the prefecture by some margin. It has been nicknamed the 'Naples of the Eastern world' for its bay location (Aira Caldera), hot climate, and impressive stratovolcano, Sakurajima. As of 1 January 2010, the city had an estimated population of 605,855 and a population density of 1,107.49 persons per km. The total area is 546.71km. In 2003, the city had an estimated population of only 554,136 and a population density of 1,911.41 persons per km. The total area was 289.91km. The city's total area nearly doubled between 2003 and 2005 as a result of five townsthe towns of Kriyama and Matsumoto, both from Hioki District, the town of Kiire, from Ibusuki District, and the towns of Sakurajima and Yoshida, both from Kagoshima Districtmerging into Kagoshima on November 1, 2004.
Contributions by DAJF, LaGitt44, and STA3816.