The Kanembu are an ethnic group of Chad, generally considered the modern descendants of the Kanem-Borno Empire. The Kanembu number an estimated 655,000 people, located primarily in Chad's Lac Prefecture but also in Chari-Baguirmi and Kanem prefectures. They speak the Kanembu language, a variant of Kanuri, with many speaking Arabic as a second language. Linguistically and culturally, they are often considered a subset of the larger 4 million strong Kanuri, although their Kanembu traditions, dialect, and history are unique. For over a thousand years the Kanem-Bornu Empire exerted its influence over central North Africa. Its influence covered eastern Nigeria and Niger, the northern half of Chad and Libya. It traded with Egypt and sponsored Islamic schools as far as Alexandria. It_s camel caravans reached the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina.
Contributions by T L Miles, Kanembou13, and Dvyost.