Khartoum is the capital and second largest city of the Republic of Sudan and of Khartoum State. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile flowing north from Lake Victoria and the Blue Nile flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as 'al-Mogran', meaning the Confluence. The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. Divided by the Niles, Khartoum is a tripartite metropolis with an estimated overall population of over five million people consisting of Khartoum proper, and linked by bridges to Khartoum North called (al-Khartm Bahr) and Omdurman (Umm Durmn) to the west. The origin of the word is uncertain. One tradition is that khartoum derives from Arabic kartm meaning 'end of an elephants trunk', probably referring to the narrow strip of land extending between the Blue and White Niles. Captain J. A.
Contributions by Kadoda, OrphanBot, and Allamiro.