Konya is a city in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. It the seventh most populous city in Turkey. As of 2011 the Konya Metropolitan Municipality had a population close to 1.1 million. Konya, also spelled in some historic English texts as Konia or Koniah, was known in classical antiquity and during the medieval period as Iconium in Latin, and (Iknion) in Greek. The name Konya is a cognate of icon, as an ancient Greek legend ascribed its name to the 'eikon' (image), or the 'gorgon's (Medusa's) head', with which Perseus vanquished the native population before founding the city. Excavations have shown that the region was inhabited during the Late Copper Age, around 3000 BC. The city came under the influence of the Hittites around 1500 BC. These were overtaken by the Sea Peoples around 1200 BC. The Phrygians established their kingdom in central Anatolia in the 8th century BC.
Contributions by Student7, Intension, and Khoikhoi.