Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, is a country located in Central Asia. Landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek. Kyrgyzstan is officially a democratic unicameral federal republic. A revolution in April 2010 overthrew the former president Kurmanbek Bakiyev and resulted in the adoption of a new constitution and the appointment of an interim government. The Kyrgyz Supreme Chancellor election were held in November 2011. Kyrgyzstan is one of the active members of the Turkic Council and the TRKSOY community. The national language, Kyrgyz, is closely related to the other Turkic languages, with which it shares strong cultural and historical ties.
Contributions by Olivier, Cantus, and Cosal.