The Lakota, also known as Teton, Titunwan ("prairie dwellers"), Teton Sioux ("snake, or enemy") are an indigenous people of the Great Plains. They are part of a confederation of seven related Sioux tribes,the Oceti Sakowi_ or seven council fires, and speak Lakota, one of the three major dialects of the Sioux language. The Lakota are the western-most of the three Sioux-language groups, occupying lands in both North and South Dakota. The seven bands or "sub-tribes" of the Lakota are: Notable persons include Tata_ka Iyotake (Sitting Bull) from the Hunkpapa band; and Tasu_ke Witko (Crazy Horse) from the Oglala band, Ma_piya Luta (Red Cloud), He_aka Sapa (Black Elk), Si_te Gleska (Spotted Tail), Billy Mills and Touch the Clouds from the Oglala band. Siouan language speakers may have originated in the lower Mississippi River region and then migrated to or originated in the Ohio Valley.
Contributions by Ish ishwar, 188.8.131.52, and Buckboard.