Lemkos (Ukrainian: Lemki, Polish: Lemkowie, Lemko: Lemky, translit. Lemky; sing. Lemko, Lemko), one of several quantitatively and territorially small ethnic groups who also call themselves Rusyns (Ukrainian: Rusini, Lemko: Rusnaky, Rusnaky; sing. Rusnak, Rusnak), are one of the ethnic groups inhabiting the Carpathian Mountains. Their language has been variously described as a Lemko language in its own right or a dialect of the Ukrainian language. The Lemkos' homeland is commonly referred to as Lemkivshchyna (Ukrainian: Lemkivshina, Lemko: Lemkovyna (Lemkovina), Polish: Lemkowszczyzna). Up until 1945, this included the area from the Poprad River in the west to the valley of Oslawa River in the east, areas situated primarily in present-day Poland, in the Lesser Poland and Subcarpathian Voivodeships (provinces). This part of the Carpathian mountains is mostly deforested, which allowed for an agrarian economy, alongside such traditional occupations as ox grazing and sheep herding.
Contributions by Pustelnik, Bandurist, and Yeti.