Lipovans or Lippovans (Romanian: Lipoveni, Ukrainian: Lipovani, Russian: Lipovane, Bulgarian: lipovanci) are the Old Believers, mostly of Russian ethnic origin, who settled in the Moldavian Principality, in Dobruja and Eastern Muntenia. According to the 2002 Romanian census there are a total of 35,791 Lipovans in Romania, of whom 21,623 living in Dobruja. The name has been suggested to be related to Russian Lipa (lipa), linden tree or to Filippovka, a holiday name dedicated to Saint Philip, however, the accepted etymology says it's derived from name of Filipp Pustosviat (1672_1742), the adepts of whom being named filippovcy or (fi)lippovane. They emigrated from Russia over 200 years ago as dissenters with the mainline Russian Orthodox Church. They settled along the Prut River in Moldavia and in the Danube Delta. They have maintained strong religious traditions that predate the reforms of the Russian Orthodox Church undertaken during the reign of Patriarch Nikon.
Contributions by Bogdangiusca, Shao, and Asterion.