Luanda, formerly named So Paulo da Assuno de Loanda, is the capital and largest city of Angola. Located on Angola's coast with the Atlantic Ocean, Luanda is both Angola's chief seaport and its administrative center. It has a metropolitan population of over 5 million. It is also the capital city of Luanda Province, and the world's third most populous Portuguese-speaking city, behind only So Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, both in Brazil. The city is currently undergoing a major reconstruction, with many large developments taking place that will alter the cityscape significantly. Luanda was ranked the most expensive city to live in for expatriates by Mercer, in 2011, but was surpassed by Tokyo in 2012. Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais founded Luanda on 25 January 1576 as 'So Paulo da Assumpo de Loanda', with a hundred families of settlers and four hundred soldiers.
Contributions by Yodaki, Namiba, and Jomifica.