The Luo (also called Joluo, singular Jaluo) are an ethnic group in Kenya, eastern Uganda, and northern Tanzania. They are part of a larger group of ethnolinguistically related Luo peoples who inhabit an area ranging from southern Sudan, northern and eastern Uganda, western Kenya, and northern Tanzania. The Luo are the third largest ethnic group (13%) in Kenya, after the Kikuyu (22%) and the Luhya (14%). The Luo and the Kikuyu inherited the bulk of political power in the first years following Kenya's independence in 1963. The Luo population in Kenya was estimated to be 3,185,000 in 1994 and 4.1 million in 2010. The Tanzanian Luo population was estimated at 280,000 in 2001 and 490,000 in 2010. The main Luo livelihood is fishing, farming and pastoral herding. Outside Luoland, the Luo comprise a significant fraction of East Africa's intellectual and skilled labour force in various professions.
Contributions by Ezeu, Valerius Tygart, and Julius Sahara.