Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

About Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world. The son of a senior government official, Gandhi was born and raised in a Hindu Bania community in coastal Gujarat, and trained in law in London. Gandhi became famous by fighting for the civil rights of Muslim and Hindu Indians in South Africa, using the new techniques of non-violent civil disobedience that he developed. Returning to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants to protest excessive land-taxes. A lifelong opponent of 'communalism' (i.e. basing politics on religion) he reached out widely to all religious groups.

Contributions by LordSimonofShropshire, Ashwatham, and Ferkelparade.

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