A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived from the Pliocene epoch from around 5million years ago, into the Holocene at about 4,500 years ago. and were members of the family Elephantidae, which contains, along with mammoths, the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors. The word 'mammoth' comes from the Russian mamont, probably in turn from the Vogul (Mansi) language, mang ont, meaning 'earth horn'. The word first appeared in English in Richard James's Dictionariolum Russico-Anglicum of 1618. In English, the noun 'mammoth' also has become an adjective meaning 'large' or 'massive'. Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large.
Contributions by Vsmith, Danielos2, and 18.104.22.168.