Manaus is a city in Brazil, the capital of the state of Amazonas. It is situated at the confluence of the Negro and Solimes rivers. It is the most populous city of Amazonas, according to the statistics of Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and is a popular ecotourist destination. Manaus belongs to mesoregion Center Amazonense and microregion Manaus. It is located in northern Brazil, 1,936 kilometers (1,203 mi) from the federal capital, Braslia. The city was founded in 1669 as the Fort of So Jos do Rio Negro. It was elevated to a town in 1832 with the name of 'Manaus', which means 'mother of the gods' in tribute to the indigenous nation of Manas, and legally transformed into a city on October 24 of 1848 with the name of Cidade da Barra do Rio Negro, Portuguese for 'The City of the Margins of Black River'. Only on September 4 of 1856 did it revert to its current name.
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