The Metis are one of the Aboriginal peoples in Canada who trace their descent to mixed First Nations and European heritage. The term was historically a catch-all describing the offspring of any such union, but within generations the culture syncretised into what is today a distinct aboriginal group, with formal recognition equal to that of the Inuit and First Nations. Mothers were often Cree, Ojibwe, Algonquin, Saulteaux, Menominee, Mi'kmaq or Maliseet. At one time there was an important distinction between French Metis born of francophone voyageur fathers, and the Anglo-Metis or Countryborn descended from Scottish fathers. Today these two cultures have essentially coalesced into one Metis tradition. Other former names many of which are now considered to be offensive include Bois-Brules, Mixed-bloods, Half-breeds, Bungi, Black Scots and Jackatars.
Contributions by 184.108.40.206, Kmsiever, and John FitzGerald.