The Mikmaq are a First Nations people, indigenous to the northeastern region of New England, Canada's Atlantic Provinces, and the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec. They called this region Mi'kma'ki. The nation has a population of about 40,000 (plus 21,429 in the Qalipu First Nation), of whom nearly 11,000 speak the Mikmaq language. Once written in Mikmaq hieroglyphic writing, it is now written using most letters of the standard Latin alphabet. The ethnonym has traditionally been spelled Micmac in English, but the natives have used different spellings: Mi_kmaq (singular Mi_kmaw) by the Mikmaq of Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia, Miigmaq (Miigmao) by the Mikmaq of New Brunswick, Mi_gmaq by the Listuguj Council in Quebec, or Migmaq (Migmaw) in some native literature. Until the 1980s, "Micmac" remained the most common spelling in English. Although still used, for example, in Ethnologue, this spelling has fallen out of favour in recent years.
Contributions by Codex Sinaiticus, IPSOS, and 220.127.116.11.