The Miskitos are a Native American ethnic group in Central America. A substantial number of them are mixed race, especially those in the northern end of their territory, where an African-Indigenous mixture is predominant. Their territory extends from Cape Camaron, Honduras, to Rio Grande, Nicaragua along the Mosquito Coast, in the Western Caribbean Zone. There is a native Miskito language, but large groups speak Miskito creole English, Spanish, and other languages. The creole English came about through frequent contact with the British. Many are Christians. The name "Miskito" derives from the Miskito language ethnonym Miskitu, and is not related to the Spanish word "mosquito," which derives from the word mosca, meaning "fly", also used in Spanish for the insect. Before the arrival of Europeans in the region, the area was divided into a large number of small, egalitarian groups, possibly speaking languages related to Sumu.
Contributions by Beepsie, LaNicoya, and Tazmaniacs.