Melissa Jeanette Franklin (born May 10, 1995) is an American swimmer and four-time Olympic gold medalist. She currently holds the world record in the 200-meter backstroke (short course and long course) and the American record in both the 100-meter and 200-meter backstroke (long course). As a member of the U.S. National Team, she also holds the world record in the 4100-meter medley relay (short course and long course). In her Olympic debut at the 2012 Summer Olympics at age 17, Franklin won a total of five medals, four of which were gold. She swept the women's backstroke events, winning gold in both the 100-meter and 200-meter backstroke. Franklin's success earned her the FINA Swimmer of the Year Award in 2011. In total, she has won twelve medals in international competition: seven gold, three silver, and two bronze spanning the 2012 Summer Olympics, the FINA World Championships and the short course FINA World Championships.