The Monacan are a group recognized as a Native American tribe by the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. The Monacan Tribe has not been recognized as an Indian tribe by the federal government. They are located primarily in Amherst County, Virginia near Lynchburg, Virginia. As of 2009 there are approximately 2,000 members of the tribe. There are satellite groups in West Virginia, Maryland, and Ohio. The contemporary Monacan people claim to be descendants of an Eastern Siouan tribe of American Indians by the same name. The historic Monacan tribe, first recorded in 1607 in Virginia, was related to the Siouan Tutelo, Saponi and Occaneechi. There is no conclusive evidence linking members of the contemporary tribe with the historic tribe.
Contributions by Parkwells, Til Eulenspiegel, and Verklempt.