On April 9, 1609, King Philip III of Spain decreed the Expulsion of the Moriscos (Spanish: Expulsion de los moriscos, Catalan: Expulsio dels moriscos). The Moriscos were the descendants of the Muslim population that converted to Christianity under threat of exile from Ferdinand and Isabella in 1502. From 1609 through 1614, the Spanish government systematically forced Moriscos to leave the kingdom for Muslim North Africa. They were only allowed to keep what money and possessions they could carry; the rest, including their property, was impounded. The expulsion especially affected the Kingdom of Valencia and the Kingdom of Aragon, harming their economies for generations. Suspicions and tensions between the Moriscos and the Christians had been high for some time.
Contributions by SnowFire, Florian Blaschke, and Error.