Nagpur is a city and winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, a fast growing metropolis and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune. With a population of 2,405,421 (2011) Nagpur Metropolitan Area is the 13th largest urban conglomeration in India. It has recently been ranked as the cleanest city and the second greenest city of India. In addition to being the seat of annual winter session of Maharashtra state assembly 'Vidhan Sabha', Nagpur is a major commercial and political center of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and is famous throughout the country for Nagpur Orange. Thus it is known as 'Orange City' for being a major trade center of oranges that are cultivated in the region. In addition, the city derives political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement. The city was founded by the Gonds and later became part of the Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles.
Contributions by Danianjan, Tom Radulovich, and Amolagirhe.