The Nganasans are an indigenous Samoyedic people inhabiting the Taymyr Peninsula in central Siberia. In the Russian Federation, they are recognized as being one of the Indigenous peoples of the Russian North. They reside primarily in the settlements of Ust-Avam, Volachanka, and Novaya in the Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, with smaller populations residing in the towns of Dudinka and Norilsk as well. The Nganasans are thought to be the descendants of Paleo-Siberian peoples who were culturally assimilated by Samoyedic migrants from the south and went on to absorb various neighboring Tungusic peoples. The Nganasans were traditionally a semi-nomadic people whose main form of subsistence was wild reindeer hunting, in contrast to the related Nenets, who herded reindeer. Beginning in the early 17th century, the Nganasans were subjected to the yasak system of Czarist Russia.
Contributions by Tledford128, Physis, and 126.96.36.199.