The Common Nightingale or simply Nightingale, also known as Rufous Nightingale, is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. It belongs to a group of more terrestrial species, often called chats. It is a migratory insectivorous species breeding in forest and scrub in Europe and south-west Asia, but is not found naturally in the Americas. The distribution is more southerly than the very closely related Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia. It nests on the ground within or next to dense bushes. It winters in southern Africa. At least in the Rhineland (Germany), the breeding habitat of nightingales agrees with a number of geographical parameters. The Common Nightingale is slightly larger than the European Robin, at 1516.5 cm (5.96.5 in) length. It is plain brown above except for the reddish tail. It is buff to white below.
Contributions by Jimfbleak, Snowmanradio, and Kitanoz.