Paiute refers to three closely related groups of Native Americans - the Northern Paiute of California, Idaho, Nevada and Oregon; the Owens Valley Paiute of California and Nevada; and the Southern Paiute of Arizona, southeastern California and Nevada, and Utah. The origin of the word Paiute is unclear. Some anthropologists have interpreted it as ''Water Ute'' or ''True Ute.'' The Northern Paiute call themselves Numa (sometimes written Numu); the Southern Paiute call themselves Nuwuvi. Both terms mean ''the people.'' The Northern Paiute are sometimes referred to as Paviotso. Early Spanish explorers called the Southern Paiute Payuchi (they did not make contact with the Northern Paiute). Early Euro-American settlers often called both groups of Paiute ''Diggers''...'
Contributions by Uyvsdi, Valfontis, and Yosemite Indian.