The Pama Nyungan languages are the most widespread family of Indigenous Australian languages, containing perhaps 300 languages. The name 'Pama Nyungan' is derived from the names of the two most widely separated groups, the Pama languages of the northeast and the Nyungan languages of the southwest. The words pama and nyunga mean 'man' in their respective languages.The other language families indigenous to the continent of Australia are occasionally referred to, by exclusion, as non-Pamaa__Nyungan languages, though this is not a taxonomic term. The Pamaa__Nyungan family accounts for most of the geographic spread, most of the Aboriginal population, and the greatest number of languages. Most of the Pamaa__Nyungan languages are spoken by small ethnic groups of hundreds of speakers or fewer.
Contributions by Kwamikagami, Imperial78, and Medeis.