The Golden Hill Paugussetts are the Connecticut state-recognized tribal descendents of the Paugussett (also Paugusset) Nation of Native Americans that occupied much of western Connecticut prior to the arrival of Europeans. While state-recognized, they have been denied federal recognition. The tribe lives in Colchester, Connecticut, where it has a 106-acre (0.43_km) reservation, and also has a _4-acre (0.0010_km) reservation in Nichols section of Trumbull, Connecticut. The Nichols reservation is considered to be the oldest continuing reservation in Connecticut and the smallest in the US. In 2009, a state court dismissed a challenge to their heritage, refusing to eject members of the Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe and their chief from reservations in Trumbull and Colchester. While the history of the Paugussett Nation dates back to earlier times, written records begin with the arrival of Europeans on North American shores.
Contributions by Parkwells, AbbyKelleyite, and Yilloslime.