The Gulf War (2 Aug 1990 -- 28 Feb 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Storm (17 Jan 1991 -- 28 Feb 1991) was a war waged by a U.N.-authorized Coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait. The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, or the First Iraq War, before the term 'Iraq War' became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War (also referred to in the U.S. as 'Operation Iraqi Freedom'). Kuwait's invasion by Iraqi troops that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation, and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the U.N. Security Council. U.S. President George H. W. Bush deployed U.S. forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene. An array of nations joined the Coalition.
Contributions by DanKeshet, SimonP, and Mav.