Pulmonology is the medical specialty dealing with disease involving the respiratory tract. The term is derived from the Latin word pulmonarius ("of the lungs") and from the Greek kr_nw krin_ ("to separate") and -logia, -logia. Pulmonology is also occasionally referred to as pneumology, from the Greek pneymwn (pneumo-, or "lung") and kr_nw krin_ ("to separate"), and -logia, -logia, and sometimes also respirology. Pulmonology is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.
Contributions by Tyrol5, Jfdwolff, and Pulmonological.