Rasht is a city in and the capital of Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 1,010,193. Rasht is the largest city on Iran's Caspian Sea coast. It is a major trade center between Caucasia, Russia and Iran using the port of Bandar-e Anzali. Rasht is also a major tourist center with the resort of Masouleh in the adjacent mountains and the beaches of Caspian as some of the major attractions. Historically, Rasht was a major transport and business centre which connected Iran to Russia and Europe, and was therefore entitled the 'Gate of Europe'. The city has a history that goes back to the 13th century but its modern history dates back to the Safavid era during which Rasht was a major centre of the silk trade with numerous textile workshops. The name Rasht comes most plausibly from the verb reshtan, weaving.
Contributions by Kourosh ziabari, Joojoo ra, and Vtmmd.