Republic

Republic

About Republic

A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a 'public matter', not the private concern or property of the rulers, and where offices of states are subsequently directly or indirectly elected or appointed rather than inherited. In modern times, a common simplified definition of a republic is a government where the head of state is not a monarch. Both modern and ancient republics vary widely in their ideology and composition. In classical and medieval times the archetype of all republics was the Roman Republic, which referred to Rome in between the period when it had kings, and the periods when it had emperors. The Italian medieval and Renaissance political tradition today referred to as 'civic humanism' is sometimes considered to derive directly from Roman republicans such as Sallust and Tacitus.