Ronald Ernest Ron Paul is a 10-term Congressman, medical doctor (M.D.), and a 2008 presidential candidate from the U.S. state of Texas. As a Republican, he has represented Texas's 14th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives since 1997, and had previously served as the representative from Texas's 22nd district in 1976 and from 1979 to 1985.Congressman Ron Paul advocates the limited role of government, low taxes, free markets, and a return to monetary policies based on commodity-backed currency. He has earned the nickname 'Dr. No' for voting against any bill he believes violates the Constitution. In the words of former Treasury Secretary William Simon, Dr. Paul is the 'one exception to the Gang of 535' on Capitol Hill. He has never voted to raise taxes or congressional pay; He voted against the Patriot Act and the Iraq War.