The Saho, sometimes called Soho, are an ethnic group living largely in the Horn of Africa. They are principally concentrated in the Southern and Northern Red Sea regions of Eritrea, but some also live in adjacent parts of Ethiopia. They speak Saho as a mother tongue, which belongs to the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Exact numbers of Saho are difficult to estimate, as there has been no census in Eritrea since its founding (see Demographics of Eritrea). Estimates range from a low of 4% to as much as 10% of Eritrea's population - from 120,000 to 320,000 people. The Saho have a system of clans (11 at present), which are in turn divided into kinship groups. Clan loyalty is an important factor in Saho politics. The Saho people speak the Saho language, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. The Saho are predominantly Muslim.
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