Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject (a federal city) of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. In 1914 the name of the city was changed to Petrograd, in 1924 to Leningrad, and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg. In Russian literature, informal documents, and discourse, the 'Saint' is usually omitted, leaving Petersburg. In common parlance Russians may drop '-burg' as well, leaving only Peter. Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703. From 1713 to 1728 and from 1732 to 1918, Saint Petersburg was the Imperial capital of Russia. In 1918 the central government bodies moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow.
Contributions by Male1979, Ghirlandajo, and Nikai.