The Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla Indians, located in Riverside County, California. The Santa Rosa Indian Reservation, not to be confused with the Santa Rosa Rancheria, is a reservation in Riverside County in the Santa Rosa Mountains, near the town of Anza. It is 11,092 acres large. It was established in 1907. The tribe's headquarters is located in Hemet, California. John Marcus is their current tribal chairperson. The federal government closely supervised Cahuilla after 1891. Government schools were opened for Cahuilla children and Protestant missionaries moved onto their reservation. During the 20th century, the tribe supported itself through cattle grazing and wage labor.
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