Sao Luis is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Maranho. The city is located on Ilha de So Lus (So Lus Island) in the Baa de So Marcos (So Marcos Bay), an extension of the Atlantic Ocean which forms the estuary of Pindar, Mearim, Itapecuru and other rivers. Its coordinates are 2.53 south, 44.30 west. The city proper has a population of some 986,826 people (2008 IBGE estimate). The metropolitan area totals 1,227,659, ranked as the 16th largest in Brazil. So Lus is the only Brazilian state capital founded by France (see France quinoxiale) and it is one of the three Brazilian state capitals located on islands (the others are Vitria and Florianpolis). The city has two major sea ports: Madeira Port and Itaqui Port, through which a substantial part of Brazil's iron ore, originating from the (pre)-Amazon region, is exported. The city's main industries are metallurgical with Alumar, and Vale do Rio...a
Contributions by 18.104.22.168, Artur Oliveira Silva, and Chicocvenancio.