In Greek mythology, a satyr is one of a troop of male companions of Pan and Dionysus. He has horselike features. Roman Mythology identifies the Greek satyr with its faun being half-man, half-goat. 'Satyresses' were a late invention of poets that roamed the woods and mountains. In myths they are often associated with pipe-playing. The satyrs' chief was Silenus, a minor deity associated (like Hermes and Priapus) with fertility. These characters can be found in the only complete remaining satyr play, Cyclops, by Euripides, and the fragments of Sophocles' Ichneutae (Tracking Satyrs). The satyr play was a short, lighthearted tailpiece performed after each trilogy of tragedies in Athenian festivals honoring Dionysus. There is not enough evidence to determine whether the satyr play regularly drew on the same myths as those dramatized in the tragedies that preceded.
Contributions by Wetman, Rorndoff, and FunkMonk.