The Selkup, until 1930s called Ostyak-Samoyeds (ostya_ko-samoe_dy) are a people in Siberia, Russia. They live in the northern parts of Tomsk Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, and Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Selkups speak the Selkup language, which belongs to the Samoyedic languages of the Uralic language family. Selkups as a people formed as a result of a long interaction and interbreeding between the Yeniseian aboriginal population of the middle basin of the Ob River and Samoyedic peoples, who had come to this region from the Sayan Mountains in the beginning of the 1st millennium. In the 17th century, some of the Selkups relocated up north to live along the Taz River and Turukhan River. They were mainly engaged in hunting, fishing, and reindeer breeding. In the 18th century, Selkups participated in a massive baptism campaign. However, they returned to their ancient religious beliefs and customs.
Contributions by Johannes Rohr, Darwinek, and Darkness Shines.