Sertraline hydrochloride (trade names Zoloft and Lustral, among others) is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class. It was discovered by Pfizer. Sertraline is primarily used to treat major depression in adult outpatients as well as obsessivecompulsive, panic, and social anxiety disorders in both adults and children. In 2007, it was the most prescribed antidepressant on the U.S. retail market, with 29,652,000 prescriptions. The efficacy of sertraline for depression is similar to that of older tricyclic antidepressants, but its side effects are much less pronounced. Differences with newer antidepressants are subtler and also mostly confined to side effects. Evidence suggests that sertraline may work better than fluoxetine (Prozac) for some subtypes of depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy in combination with sertraline is a better treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder than sertraline alone.
Contributions by Benjaminevans82, Fvasconcellos, and Jfdwolff.