The Siksika Nation is a First Nation in southern Alberta, Canada. The name Siksika comes from the Blackfoot words sik (black) and ika (foot), with a connector s between the two words. The plural form of Siksika is Siksikawa. The Siksikawa are the northernmost of the Niitsitapi (Original People), all of whom speak dialects of Blackfoot, an Algonquian language. When European explorers travelled west, they most likely met the Siksika first and assumed all Niitsitapi of the Blackfoot Confederacy were Blackfoot, which is incorrect. The four Niitsitapi nations of the Blackfoot Confederacy are the Siksika, Kainaa (Kainai or Blood), Aapatohsipikani (Northern Peigan), and Aamsskaapipikani (South Peigan or Montana Blackfoot). The approximate population of the Siksika Nation, as of 2009, is 6,000 people.
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