The Somba are a major ethnic group inhabiting primarily north-eastern Benin. The name is a generic term for the Betammaribe and related peoples, who make up about one-twelfth of Benin_s population. They are especially found in towns such as Nikki and Kandi that were once Bariba kingdoms and in Parakou in mid-eastern Benin. However there is also a significant population of Somba in northwest Benin in the Atacora region in cities such as Natitingou and a number of villages. Many Somba in the northwest have migrated to the east. In Parakou the Guema market was founded by a Somba tribe who migrated from Atacora, and it specializes in beef and pork and local millet beer known as choukachou. They are mainly known as the Ditamari.
Contributions by Dr. Blofeld, Jummai, and Kwamikagami.