Speed reading is a collection of reading methods which attempt to increase rates of reading without greatly reducing comprehension or retention. Methods include chunking and eliminating subvocalization. Even though one's eyes fixate on every word and space during the process of reading, speed reading can occur when the number of eye pauses and duration of fixations are minimized. However, no absolute distinct normal and speed-reading types of reading exist in practice, since all readers use some of the techniques used in speed reading (such as identifying words without focusing on each letter, not sounding out all words, not sub-vocalizing some phrases, or spending less time on some phrases than others, and skimming small sections).
Contributions by Metaphorman, Saxifrage, and D.Right.