Tajik is a general designation for a wide range of Persian-speaking people of Iranic origin, with traditional homelands in present-day Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. Before the 20th century they were often called Sarts. As a self-designation, the term Tajik, which earlier on had been more or less pejorative, has become acceptable only during the last several decades, particularly as a result of Soviet administration in Central Asia. Alternative names for the Tajiks are Farsi, Farsiwan (Persian-speaker), and Dihgan. The Tajiks of China, although known by the name Tajik, speak Eastern Iranian languages and are distinct from Persian Tajiks.
Contributions by Tajik, Beh-nam, and Khoikhoi.