The Raramuri or Tarahumara are a Native American people of northwestern Mexico who are renowned for their long-distance running ability. In their language, the term raramuri refers specifically to the males, females are referred to as muki (individually) and as omugi or igomale (collectively). Originally inhabitants of much of the state of Chihuahua, the Raramuri retreated to the high sierras and canyons such as the Copper Canyon in the Sierra Madre Occidental on the arrival of Spanish explorers in the 16th century. The area of the Sierra Madre Occidental which they now inhabit is often called the Sierra Tarahumara because of their presence. Current estimates put the population of the Raramuri in 2006 at between 50,000 and 70,000 people. Most still practice a traditional lifestyle, inhabiting natural shelters such as caves or cliff overhangs, as well as small cabins of wood or stone.
Contributions by Firigoyen, Maunus, and Uyvsdi.