About Taste

Taste is one of the traditional five senses. It refers to the ability to detect the flavor of substances such as food, certain minerals, poisons, etc. Humans receive tastes through sensory organs called taste buds, or gustatory calyculi, concentrated on the top of the tongue. Taste is sensed through taste cells, which are known as taste buds. There are about 100,000 taste buds that are located on the back and front of the tongue. Others are located on the roof, sides and back of the mouth, and in the throat. The sensation of taste can be categorized into five basic tastes: sweet, bitter, sour, salty, and umami. Umami is originally the Japanese word for meaty or savory. Not surprisingly, it is characteristic of many Asian dishes. The amino acid glutamate produces a strong umami taste. The tongue is able to differentiate between the different tastes based on different molecules or ions that bind to the taste cell.

Contributions by Richard001,, and Mdwyer.

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